Using Five Landscape Design Principles to Create a Garden

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Giving your garden a makeover is a great way of revitalising your property. Designing a garden can be a very individual journey; you know what they say about beauty being in the eye of the beholder. However, it does help to have an idea about some of the design principles that are used when landscaping a garden.

It’s also a good idea to make sure you have the right tools in place, by visiting websites such as LoyalGardener.  Once you have the tools that you need, you can set about choosing any of the design principles that you think will help with your landscaping project.


Unity is usually the overarching principle that should run throughout the design of your garden. It’s achieved through repeating plants and patterns and by using the same materials on several occasions. The entire garden needs to be a sum of its parts; everything needs to fit together like a jigsaw. To make all of this easier, you may want to decide on a theme for your garden.


Repetition fits with unity. It involves using the same elements, plants or materials on several occasions, throughout the garden. Doing this can help to create a feeling of unity. It’s better to have some matching features as having too many disparate ones can make the garden seem a little overwhelming. However, it’s important not go overboard with repetition as doing so can make the garden seem boring and uninspired.


Simplicity can be very important to garden landscape design, especially if you are new to the process. It’s never a good idea to walk before you can run; so stick to using a few simple plants, colours and materials. Once you get the hang of the process, you can always add to the design if you want to. However, it’s worth remembering that less is often more when it comes to creating an overall effect.


One of the easiest types of garden design to get used to is the symmetrical design. This may seem like the perfect way of creating perfect balance as it involves using the same features, height of plant, paths and materials, to create the same design on both sides of the garden. However, you can also achieve balance with an asymmetrical design. This type of design has a more freeform style. The theme or plant choice might be different for different parts of the garden but there must always be a connection to achieve balance, and the unity that we spoke about earlier. This could be anything from the use of  certain colours to the use of stone features.


Colour is the aspect of landscape design which really helps to bring the garden to life. Obviously, you need to choose colours which are attractive to you and which suit the overall design. There some tips that it’s with remembering.

  • Bright colours like red and orange often make plants seem as though they are closer than they are.
  • The opposite is true of cool colours such as blue and green.
  • Black, white and grey are neutral shades which often make a good background.

Designing a garden is often a matter of personal taste, but being aware of these design principles can help you to make the end result of your garden design more successful.

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